Common Orthodontic Corrections in Adults and Children
Orthodontics is the specialty of dentistry focused on the diagnosis and treatment of dental associated facial irregularities. The results of orthodontic treatment can be dramatic – beautiful smiles, improved dental health and an enhanced quality of life for many people of all ages. Orthodontic problems, which can result from genetic and environmental factors, must be diagnosed before treatment begins. Proper diagnosis includes taking photographs, x-rays and dental impressions, which enable our practice to make informative decisions about the form of treatment necessary.
Treatment typically lasts from 12 to 18 months but may vary from 6 to 30 months, depending on age and the severity of the orthodontic problem. Outstanding results are also dependent on maximizing the coordination of care between you and our practice. We are committed to delivering the best possible service in order for you to achieve your orthodontic objectives.
How Do Braces Straighten Teeth?
Braces use constant, gentle pressure, which over time move teeth into their proper positions. Your braces are at work every moment of your orthodontic treatment. The two main components of your braces are: the brackets that are placed on your teeth, and the main arch wire that connects them. The bracket is a piece of shaped metal or ceramic that we affix to each tooth. The arch wire is bent to reflect your teeth’s ideal position.
The wire threads through the brackets and, as the wire tries to return to its original shape, it applies pressure to move your teeth. Picture your tooth resting in your jaw bone. With pressure on one side from the arch wire, the bone on the other side slowly gives way. The tooth moves. New bone grows behind.
Attached to your braces, elastic ties (small elastic bands) exert the proper force that creates the right amount of pressure to move teeth. Removable elastic bands may also be require during treatment. These achieve movement which can not be done by the wires only, such as correcting the bite and closing space.
To keep treatment moving along braces are adjusted every 4-6weeks. At these appointments the elastic ties are changed and different arch wires are placed when required.